What Does The Title “Son of Man” Mean?

Jesus at the right hand of the Father

I’ve heard a number of good and bad explanations for the title “Son of Man” over the years and I’ve largely tried to avoid getting into the weeds on this matter because I have primarily focused on studying the early parts of the Old Testament, however, there this term is used so often in the … Read more

Influence of The Apocrypha on New Testament Theology

Healing of Tobit Triangulated

Introduction to the Apocrypha That strange collection of books retained in the Catholic Bibles, the NRSV, and some old KJV Bibles is not just additional history reading. These books are called the Apocryphal writing and are filled with teachings that create a bridge between the Old Testament and the New Testament theologically. They are also … Read more

Isaiah 14 and Ezekiel 28 Are Not about Satan

Mountain range in Czech

Once upon a time I set out to figure out what the Old Testament had to say about Satan. It turns out that it does not say very much. Although, it has a lot to say about the fallen angels and the council of gods, which we will see below. Some verses that people believe … Read more

Did Jesus or The New Testament Authors Quote from The Apocryphal Books?

Judith kills Holofernes (Book of Judith 13), published in 1877

Update: This article was not intended to be a full-throated defense of the canonization of the apocryphal books because I do not personally believe that the entire collection should be canonized. However, due to the content of this post and the reason why most people are reading this, I will be addressing canonicity in the … Read more