Archaic and Outdated Words in The King James Bible (KJV)

1631 Holy Bible, Robert Barker -John Bill, London. King James Version

I’ve previously discussed the difficulty in reading the KJV and the issue of outdated languages, however, I was recently having a discussion about such archaic words and I thought it would be nice to have a list of such words, where they occurred in scripture, and what they meant in modern English. I was lucky … Read more

Does Hebrews 10:5 Misquote Psalm 40:6?

Papyrus 79, Hebrews 10

I learned a long time ago that the cross-reference in the margins of the average Bible was a helpful guide to understanding how the New Testament (NT) and the Old Testament (OT) relate to one another. Somewhere around 2009 I also made the realization that some of the OT references listed in the NT were … Read more

Understanding Bible Codes and Ciphers

Bible Codes, also known as Equidistant Letter Sequences (ELS), are words and phrases that can be found in the text of the Jewish Bible (the Christian Old Testament) by taking letters that are separated by an arbitrarily defined distance from each other within the Hebrew text. This notion of Bible Codes has been popularized by … Read more

What is the Letter Of Aristeas?

Letter of Aristeas, Epistula ad Philocratem)

The Letter Of Aristeas was a 2nd century (BCE) letter written to the Greek ruler Philocrates, who was Aristeas’ brother. The letter details how “Demetrius of Phalerum, the president of the king’s library” requested to have the writings of the Jews translated into Greek to store in the Alexandrian library. One of the oldest known copy … Read more

What is the Septuagint or LXX?

Hebrew & Greek Maniscript

The Septuagint, also known as LXX, is a Greek translation of the Old Testament. In some places, it acts even as an interpretive tool, such as the shortening of Job by 1/6th of it’s size in the Masoretic Text (MT) and a number of passages that appear differently in the Greek than in the Hebrew … Read more

What Is The Didache?

fishes-and-loaves

What is the Didache? The Didache (Διδαχή, translit. Didakhé, lit. “Teaching”) is possibly the oldest document we have from the early church. It is believed to be teaching directly from the Apostles. The opening of the text declares that the following is “The Lord’s Teaching Through the Twelve Apostles to the Nations”. It was discovered in a … Read more